Archie Francisco Feranil Gamboa was born on September 2, 1964 He is a Philippine police general and lawyer who serves as the 21st and current Chief of the Philippine National Police. Gamboa was born and raised in Bukidnon and graduated from the Philippine Military Academy in 1986. He served in the Philippine Army Scout Rangers in northern Mindanao before joining the police force in 1997 as a spokesman for the Police Office of the Davao region. He was the Bukidnon Provincial Police Chief from 2005 to 2007 and was then assigned to Camp Crame, Caraga and Calabarzon. While at Camp Crame, he studied law at José Rizal University and passed the bar exam in 2004. In 2017, he became the Chief of Staff, the fourth highest PNP position, and rose in rank, becoming in the Deputy Head of Administration in 2019: the second highest position. After Oscar Albayalde’s resignation in October 2019 amid the ninja police controversy, Gamboa was named PNP Officer-in-Charge (OIC). In January 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte officially named Gamboa as Chief of PNP.
He is 55 years old.
Early Life And Education
Gamboa hails from Bukidnon province and was born in Malaybalay on September 2, 1964. He completed his primary education at Maramag Central Primary School and for his secondary education, attended and graduated from Davao Athenaeum University located in the city of Davao. In 1982, Gamboa enlisted as a cadet at the Philippine Military Academy in Baguio and graduated as a member of the Sinagtala Class of 1986, the same batch as Oscar Albayalde, Ronald dela Rosa, the two PNP chiefs who preceded him. , Felimon Santos Jr. and Camilo Cascolan. Gamboa later earned a Master of Business Administration from Padre Saturnino Urios University in Butuan in 1995. He then studied law at Davao Athenaeum University in 1998 during his term as spokesman for the Region Police Office. Davao in the city of Davao. After being assigned to the PNP Criminal Investigation and Detection Group in Quezon City in 2002, Gamboa transferred to José Rizal University where he completed his Law Degree in 2004 and was admitted to the Philippine Bar Association in May of 2005.
Gamboa began his military and police career as a member of the Philippine Army’s 1st Scout Ranger Regiment deployed to Talakag, Bukidnon to suppress the local communist rebellion in the area. He received a military merit medal and a military recommendation medal for this task. He then spent several years as a battalion command staff member in northern Mindanao before officially joining the national police as a spokesperson for the Davao Region Police Office based in Camp Panacan, Davao City in 1997. After four years, Gamboa transferred to the national headquarters. of the Philippine National Police as a duty officer of the Criminal Investigation and Detection Group. He spent two years at Camp Crame before returning to Mindanao to serve as the provincial police chief in his native Bukidnon in 2005. As head of the Malaybalay-based Bukidnon Provincial Police Office, Gamboa initiated programs to significantly reduce crime and quell communist insurgency in the province. He was reassigned again at Camp Crame as head of the Center for Legislative Affairs under the PNP Plans Directorate in 2007 and as head of the Logistics Resources Management Division under the PNP Logistics Directorate until 2008. Gamboa then briefly served. as head of the Regional Comptroller Division of the Caraga Regional Police Office in Butuan until 2009. Gamboa’s2 other first leadership positions with the national police include serving as chief of the Budget Division of the PNP Comptroller Directorate in 2012 and serving as chief of the Secretariat Division of the PNP Logistics Directorate in 2013. Between 2013 and 2015, Gamboa was assigned to the Calabarzon Region Police Office in Calamba, Laguna as regional chief of the PNP Directorate of Calabarzon and later as Deputy Chief of Regional police operations. As a Calabarzon PNP executive, he initiated measures to achieve a zero backlog in administrative personnel cases in error using his attorney skills and experience. Gamboa earned his rank of one star while serving as Executive Officer of the PNP Logistics Directorate in 2015.
Gamboa then served as deputy director of logistics management before assuming the role of Director of Comptrollership in 2016. As chief comptroller, he was frequently seen representing the Philippine National Police in budget hearings in the Senate and House of Representatives From philippines. He was also credited for reinstating the payment of combat duty and the payment of combat incentives for PNP personnel and the payment of specialists for the Internal Affairs Service and the Maritime Group as director of comptrollership. He earned his three-star rank in March 2017 when he was appointed Chief of the Chief of Staff, the fourth highest position within the Philippine National Police.
Chief of the Philippine National Police
Following the resignation of Oscar Albayalde on October 14, 2019 amidst the ninja police controversy, Gamboa was appointed by Interior Secretary Eduardo Año to serve as the officer in charge of the Philippine National Police, being the second most official top of the organization. Although the post of PNP Chief remained vacant for months after Albayalde’s resignation, President Rodrigo Duterte had commissioned the Secretary Year to supervise, lead, fix and purge the national police, scandalous while Gamboa remains as officer in charge. On January 17, 2020, Duterte officially announced his appointment of Lieutenant General Gamboa as Director General of PNP.
As then Acting PNP Chief, he was responsible for the overall police preparations during the 2019 Southeast Asian Games. On March 5, a Bell 429 helicopter carrying Gamboa and seven other police officials crashed after it hit power cables just after takeoff in San Pedro, Laguna. Gamboa was conscious when he was pulled out from the wreckage; he suffered injuries on his shoulder and right hand and was brought to St. Luke’s Medical Center in Taguig. However, two police generals who accompanied Gamboa were in critical condition after the crash, while the others had minor injuries. Gamboa and his entourage had just finished inspecting a facility for impounded vehicles in San Pedro and were on their way to Camp Vicente Lim in nearby Calamba when the crash occurred. LGen Camilo Cascolan, the Deputy Chief for Administration, was the officer-in-charge of the PNP while Gamboa recovered from his injuries. On March 9, Gamboa reported back to work wearing a sling on his right arm. On March 16, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Luzon and its associated islands were placed under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) by President Duterte, while a state of public health emergency was earlier declared for the whole country. To enforce the ECQ, the PNP had set up checkpoints to limit non-essential movement and travel. On March 17, Gamboa announced that people on non-essential travel will be arrested if they insist on passing through the checkpoints. He also acknowledged the shortage of personal protective equipment (PPEs) for the police officers manning the checkpoints. On March 31, Gamboa announced that the nationwide crime rate was reduced by 56% which he attributed to the implementation of the ECQ. Gamboa tested negative for COVID-19 on April 1, after possible exposure to the disease, as Interior Secretary Eduardo Año tested positive the previous day. Despite having no recent meeting with Año, Gamboa underwent a 14-day quarantine and did not show any symptoms of the disease.
On April 21, Gamboa announced that those who violate the ECQ in Luzon will no longer be warned; instead, they will be arrested immediately and undergo investigative procedures, citing Bayanihan to heal as a single law. Explaining the change in policy, Gamboa said: “We need to do this because we also want to mitigate the continuing risks facing PNP front-line staff who are exposed to an increasing number of people and motorists who violate the ECQ. at checkpoints. ” At that time, at least 55 PNP staff members tested positive for COVID-19, while 136,517 people reported having violated the ECQ (of which 31,363 were arrested, 6,168 fined, and 98,986 received warnings). Two days later, he reconsidered his statement saying that more arrests will congest the prisons, some of which already have COVID-19 cases. He said that offenders can be required to do community service or fined instead of being detained, and explained that offenders must be punished “to some extent” to understand the seriousness of the situation.
On April 21, Winston Ragos, a retired soldier with PTSD, was fatally shot by PMSg Daniel Florendo Jr. at a checkpoint in Quezon City. Ragos, who was scolded for violating the ECQ, allegedly attempted to pull out a gun after a heated argument with police officers. The incident was filmed by CCTV and a phone camera, and the images went viral online. In an interview on CNN Philippines’ The Source, Gamboa reacted to the incident: “According to the report, [Ragos] tried to take out his firearm. So he appealed to the decision, which was really Florendo’s court decision on what to do right then and there. ” Gamboa also added that the police officers “had no way of knowing” Ragos’ mental illness. In a separate interview with ANC, Gamboa explained, “When you confront a person armed with a gun, its equivalent is also a pistol. When confronted with an armed assailant or suspect, because many police officers have already died – in fact, my instruction is not to really let the other person go first. ” However, Gamboa assured that an investigation is being carried out and that the PNP is communicating with the Human Rights Commission, adding: “We have to know all the facts. We sympathize with the Ragos family, but We give the PNP confidence that we will investigate this case thoroughly. ” On April 24, Sergeant Major Florendo was charged with murder.
On April 26, a police officer and a foreigner were involved in a fight in the village of Dasmariñas, Makati, after the officer attempted to arrest the alien for allegedly violating the quarantine rules. Spanish expat Javier Parra claimed that Master Sergeant Major Roland Von Madrona wanted to fine him for allowing his maid to water plants outside without wearing a face mask, an alleged violation of ECQ guidelines. Madrona and Parra had a heated argument, with Madrona then boarding Parra on the ground in an attempt to arrest him. The incident was filmed by Parra’s wife, while Parra finally escaped her home (later revealed she had a pre-existing spinal injury). Police denied Parra’s allegations, with a separate video showing Madrona trying to calmly speak to Parra, who yelled expletives and ordered the police to leave. Madrona’s superior also denied that the officer attempted to fine Parra’s maid, but was going to issue her a fine. The next day, General Gamboa ordered the Police Office of the National Capital Region (NCRPO) to investigate the incident. In response to the aforementioned incident, Gamboa defended the actions of PSMS Madrona, saying: “You saw how big the foreigner is compared to the police … according to the video, it is very clear that enough force was applied” Gamboa then visited Madrona in Makati to thank him personally: “We are behind you. You showed the Filipino people that the police are not partial; we are impartial. [We are here] to show them what Madrona did.” He was right, and I hope this message reaches everyone.
On May 1, Gamboa announced that the PNP is open to investigations into alleged human rights violations committed by agents who enforce the ECQ. On May 12, photos of NCRPO chief Debold Sinas, celebrating his birthday on May 8, went viral and sparked online criticism for allegedly violating the ECQ ban on mass gatherings and liquor. The photos were uploaded by the official NCRPO Facebook account and then deleted. Gamboa defended Sinas, saying: “There was no party,” explaining that it was a mañanita (birthday serenade early in the morning), which is a tradition among PNP officials. Gamboa also added: “General Sinas said they observed social distancing. I don’t think there is any violation here.” Gamboa was charged with double standards by punishing ECQ offenders. On May 14, Gamboa announced that the PNP’s Internal Affairs Service (PNP-IAS) will investigate Sinas and his guests.The following day, Sinas and 18 other officers were accused of violating the Bayanihan to heal as an act. However, on May 18, Gamboa announced that Sinas will not be fired or suspended, describing him as “difficult to replace.” Gamboa explained his decision: “I hope the public understands this because we are in an emergency situation,” citing that Sinas is in charge of various COVID-related programs. On May 20, President Duterte also announced that Sinas will not be fired or transferred.
Gamboa received more than 100 medals and citations throughout his military and law enforcement career, including:
Military Commendation Medal, Military Merit Medal.